Broadly speaking, human growth hormone (HGH) is called somatropin/somatotropin – a peptide structure that is produced by the endocrine gland. Somatotropin is a polypeptide that contains 191 amino acids. The main role of somatotropin is to form muscle mass and help keep your body working normally. It stimulates the liver and other tissues to produce insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). In turn, IGF-1 stimulates bone growth, and also plays a key role in muscle growth.
Somatotropin plays an important role in cholesterol metabolism. Low level of growth hormone leads to atherosclerosis, stroke, heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases. People with sufficient levels of growth hormone are believed to be more stress resistant.
This hormone causes a sharp linear growth in young people (due to the rapid growth of tubular bones of the limbs). Excess or insufficient secretion of somatotropin in childhood leads to gigantism and dwarfism. In adults, somatotropin deficiency causes acromegaly – an endocrine disease that is accompanied by thickening of the hands, feet, skull (especially facial part) and other very unpleasant symptoms (headaches, fatigue, visual impairment, intellectual disability).
Synthetic somatropin can be used in sports to reduce the destruction of muscle cells and reduce body fat. Somatotropin stimulates the synthesis of proteins and enhances lipolysis. It also speeds up the transport of glucose and promotes the accumulation of glycogen.
The basic concentrations of somatotropin in the body are small – 1-5 ng/mL. These levels can be increased during the peak periods (up to 45 ng/mL).
Somatotropin takes part in stimulating muscle growth. Moreover, it also helps:
- Normalize metabolic processes;
- Improve fat -burning processes;
- Stop the destruction of muscle tissue;
- Strengthen joints and ligaments;
- Increase the levels of glycogen in liver cells;
- Increase the number and size of liver cells and thymus gland;
- Improve the synthesis of collagen;
- Restore damaged tissue and heal wounds;
- Increase sexual activity;
- Improve blood lipid profiles.
Nevertheless, do not forget that somatotropin is functioning in conjunction with other hormones that are produced in the liver cells.
It is also important to know that the greatest amount of growth hormone in the body can be found in people up to 20 years of age. After that, the amount decreases by 15% in the next 10 years. Naturally, the amount of somatotropin in the body varies depending on different time intervals (during a person’s life).
The process of HGH secretion occurs periodically during the day. In particular, there are peaks when the process reaches its maximum value (every 4-5 hours). The highest levels of growth hormone are produced at night (an hour after falling asleep).
Here’s how somatropin is produced: the pituitary gland gets a signal from the hypothalamus and starts to produce somatotropin. After that, the hormone gets into the blood and reaches the liver. Further, in the liver cells, the growth hormone is converted into another substance called somatomedin (this substance gets into the muscle cells in the whole body).
Somatropin clinical applications
Somatotropin is widely used in medicine for the therapy of developmental and growth disorders in children. Such treatment should be carried out as soon as possible: the main course should be completed before reaching adolescence. HGH is currently one of the best ways to treat pituitary dwarfism.
Somatotropin is often used to treat nervous disorders. Therefore, it can be used in the treatment of depression under the supervision of a doctor.
As for sports, somatotropin is most often used in bodybuilding. It has a good anabolic effect and helps lower body fat percentage in athletes. Somatotropin accelerates lipolysis and thus promotes active fat burning. In addition, somatotropin has the following effects: it slows down age-related processes and helps strengthen bone tissue.
The functions of endocrine system are not fully understood until now. However, if the excess of HGH contributes to the growth of all tissues, then, on the contrary, somatropin deficiency slows the growth of cells. For example, if a child or adolescent does not have enough growth hormone in his blood, that means he will suffer from certain growth disorders (dwarfism). As for an adult, the deficiency of somatropin leads to early aging. Just like in the case of acromegaly, your internal organs will also suffer in addition to aesthetic disorders. Here are some signs of somatropin deficiency:
- Muscle mass loss. As a rule, lack of HGH promotes the production of estrogens – female hormones that cause fat accumulation.
- Increase in adipose tissue mass as a result of reduction of muscle mass.
- Depression and other psychological problems due to the increase in estrogen.
- Impaired cardiac function. It is known that HGH is an anabolic hormone. Nevertheless, our heart will not function properly without sufficient amount of somatropin.
- Bone fragility. High risk of bone fracture in elderly people is associated with the deficiency of somatropin.
Somatotropin anti-age effects
Human growth hormone can help rejuvenate your body. Growth promoting factors prevail in our body up to 30 years. After that, and especially in old age, the recovery processes are extremely weak, and the destructive processes are very strong. Therefore, somatropin can have a positive effect.
Specialists emphasize that small prophylactic dosages of growth hormone are used to raise its level and prolong life. It makes sense for those who are 30-40 years old. However, it is worth using under the supervision of a doctor.
However, due to the high cost of injections, people continue to look for cheaper ways to increase growth hormone in the body. There are several ways at the moment. First of all, try using amino acids, arginine, ornithine, glutamine, zinc and some other preparations. It is proved that these supplements can increase the level of growth hormone by 30% or more.
High levels of somatotropin have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. According to statistics, people with low levels of growth hormone die from cardiovascular diseases more often. Low levels are often the primary cause of an increased risk of stroke. Other clinical studies showed that patients who used growth hormone succeeded in losing weight, increasing muscle mass, improving libido and immune function.
The most recent studies show that HGH decline is neither irreplaceable nor permanent. Some experiments clearly demonstrate that low secretion of growth hormone is reversible through artificially synthesized drugs.
How to increase your somatotropin levels
Let’s take a closer look at the natural ways of increasing the levels of growth hormone in the body. Let’s start with the factors that affect somatotropin synthesis:
- Stressful situations (even periodic stress);
- High levels of cortisol in the blood;
- Overstimulation of the central nervous system;
- Improper diet with carbohydrate food.
On the other hand, these are the stimulating factors for producing somatotropin:
- Physical activity;
- Food supplements. You need to consume amino acids (glutamine, arginine, ornithine) along with natural products (pumpkin seeds, pine nuts, hard cheese, soy, boiled eggs).
- High-quality sleep and rest. About 80% of the total amount of growth hormone is produced while you are sleeping. Therefore, it is especially useful to sleep 7-8 hours a day. It will be even better if you take a nap for 20-30 minutes during the day.
- Proper nutrition. Do not forget about the basic principles of healthy eating. Use more slow proteins that are easily digested (egg white or low-fat cottage cheese).
These simple rules will definitely help you increase the amount of growth hormone. Remember: somatotropin is a very powerful component that influences the growth and development of your body systems. And most importantly, do not forget that there are a lot of natural ways to increase the level of somatotropin in the blood.